Celebrated during late September, the Mid-Autumn festival or Moon festival is a harvest festival celebrated by the Chinese and Vietnamese people. As people in China celebrate the harvest season, the melting of Xinjiang’s glaciers is threatening the water source and agriculture of the Urumqi city.
Li Zhongqin, a scientist who heads the Tianshan Mountains Glaciological Station of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, makes a seasonal hike toward the top of a glacier in the Tianshan mountains at the end of every summer to measure the thinning of the glacier, reports NPR. “We come up here each month to check it, to see how fast the glacier’s melt. Each year, the glacier is 15 feet thinner,” Zhongqin told Morning Edition’s Rob Schmitz.
Though the government has banned tourism on the glaciers in an effort to reduce the impact of pollution, global carbon emissions are a bigger threat. The melting glaciers are a big problem because not only are the glaciers the source of water for millions of people, but they also impact agriculture in drier areas like the city of Turpan that sits on the edge of Taklamakan Desert. Though dry, the region is an agriculture powerhouse which depends on the water arriving through meltwaters that flow through thousands of miles of underground tunnels called karez, an ancient irrigation system, now slowly drying up.