Roundup: South American Glacial Research Efforts

Glacial and Social Model of Chilean Irrigation

“The model showed how external influences (globalization, climate, mountains) and complex adaptive systems (water conflicts, institutions and markets) influenced the evolution of irrigation development (the extension and emergence of novel properties) towards constructive (planned irrigation development) and destructive (climate change) futures… The model showed how external influences (globalization, climate, mountains) and complex adaptive systems (water conflicts, institutions and markets) influenced the evolution of irrigation development (the extension and emergence of novel properties) towards constructive (planned irrigation development) and destructive (climate change) futures.”

Glacier-fed watersheds such as this, fed by the Dickson Glacier in Torres del Paine National Park, Chile provide water for irrigation. Credit: John Spooner/Flickr.
Glacier-fed watersheds such as this one, which is fed by the Dickson Glacier in Torres del Paine National Park, Chile, provide water for irrigation. Credit: John Spooner/Flickr.

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Managing Water Resources in Peru’s Glacial Catchments

“Water resources in high mountains play a fundamental role for societies and ecosystems both locally and downstream…Our integrative review of water resource change and comparative discharge analysis of two gauging stations in the Santa and Vilcanota River catchments show that the future provision of water resources is a concern to regional societies and must be factored more carefully into water management policies.”

The Vilcanota River in Peru. Credit: Vlad Karpinskiy/Flickr.
The Vilcanota River in Peru, which is featured in the study. Credit: Vlad Karpinskiy/Flickr.

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French Lead International Collaboration in Andes

“The IRD [French Institut de Recherche pour le Développement] funded the international GREAT ICE (Glacier and Water Resources in the Tropical Andes: Indicators of Changes in the Environment) program in 2011 to strengthen glaciological studies in the tropical Andes; promote collaborative projects between Andean institutions in glaciology, climatology, and hydrology; and develop education and student training programs with local universities.”

Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta
Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Colombia, one of the research sites of the GREAT ICE program. Credit: Stuart Rankin/Flickr.

Read more about the story here.

Roundup: A Big March, High Futures, and GREAT ICE

Worldwide Climate March, in Photos

“On the eve of the opening of the UN climate change conference in Paris, campaigners around the world from Melbourne to London are marching to demand action.”

London march makes its way through Piccadilly
The London March. (Photo: Dominic Lipinski/PA)

See more pictures of the climate march from around the world

Call to Mountains

“By promoting policies in favour of ecosystem-based adaptation in mountain regions, countries could build resilience and reduce the vulnerability of communities living in these high-altitude areas as well as that of millions of others living downstream, concluded a series of Mountain Adaptation Outlooks launched today by the UN Environment Programme (UNEP).”

A mirror-like surface at Milford Sound. (Photo: Jocelyn Kinghorn)

Read more about Mountain Adaptation Outlooks

International Cooperation creates GREAT ICE

“The IRD funded the international GREAT ICE (Glacier and Water Resources in the Tropical Andes: Indicators of Changes in the Environment) program in 2011 to strengthen glaciological studies in the tropical Andes; promote collaborative projects between Andean institutions in glaciology, climatology, and hydrology; and develop education and student training programs with local universities.”

Fig. 1. A 1991 glacier-monitoring initiative in Bolivia has grown into a permanent network in the tropical Andes, with sites in four nations. The main study sites are marked on the map, and additional study sites are numbered and listed in the inset. Credit: Modified from Rabatel et al. [2013], CC BY 3.0
Sites of Cooperative International Glacier Monitoring (Photo: Modified from Rabatel et al. [2013])
Read more about France and South America working together to research Tropical Glaciers in the Andes.