The nexus between art and science first featured in artist and photographer Diane Burko’s work in 2006. Since then, Burko has traveled around the world to capture monumental landscapes and features. She has spent time in Norway, Greenland and the Antarctic Peninsula, documenting and bearing witness to the global disappearance of glaciers.
Burko agreed to an interview with GlacierHub, where she discusses her journey to communicate science and dispel doubt through art.
GH: What first inspired you to draw connections between art and science?
DB: I think I am “science curious”. As a landscape artist, monumental geological environments, dramatic vistas, aerial views, have always captured my imagination. Perhaps growing up in a New York City apartment may be why… The Grand Canyon was one of my first subjects in the 70’s. Understanding its deep history – how it was formed was crucial. When I did a series on Volcanoes in 2000, learning about plate tectonics was part of my process. Knowing how a landscape is put together, the geology, is as important to me as experiencing it by walking, climbing or flying over it…
GH: Why is it important to bring together art and science?
DB: I believe that art can communicate science. My obsession with nature at its most awe-inspiring naturally leads me to want to preserve and protect it. That’s why I want to show how our environment is being threatened by climate change. My strategy is to seduce with beauty and then subtly insert awareness in the viewer by utilizing visual/scientific prompts I’ve garnered through my interactions with climatologists, my observations in the field and my own research.
The visual devices (literal and metaphoric) employed are as simple as presenting chronological images of glaciers receding in multiple panels. Or more mysterious and abstract images redolent with the idea of the landscape as body – as mortal with potential to decay, contrasting ancient rocks with melting ice.
Landsat maps and geological diagrams, and recessional lines are also strategic devices I’ve employed.
GH: Tell us about your trip to Argentina and Antarctica. What challenges did you face? What part of the trip struck you the most?
DB: In January 2015 I was invited to join 26 educators with “Students on Ice” a nonprofit organization offering student expedition experiences to Antarctica and the Arctic. This was my second expedition there – the other in 2013. After the voyage we landed back in Ushuaia and boarded a plane to El Calafate. Having been to the two largest ice fields in the world (Antarctica and Greenland) I was eager to see the third largest one in Patagonia.
Initially my goal was to go to climb on Perito Marino, which has a 3-mile front glacial front. Ironically this is one of the few glaciers that is not receding
However it was Viedma Glacier that totally took my breadth away.
Wearing crampons we climbed very carefully on top of this glacier for hours because it was really treacherous.
Crevasses were everywhere around me as I captured some incredible images
Back in the studio, I am working on a series on Upsala, which was the third glacier we visited – also receding.
GH: How do people respond to your work?
DB: They seem to respond at the exhibitions. And they participate when I give talks on my artistic practice at the intersection of art and science.
GH: The world of ice is at times colorless, white ice and dark rock, but the blue keeps appearing. How do you work with the color?
DB: I just embrace it – attempting to capture it’s magic through my photographs. My paintings, I tend to interpret from the experience and memory when back in the painting studio.
GH: Can you tell us a bit about your choice of mediums? Do you use different mediums to convey different messages or evoke different emotions?
DB: As a painter in oils I strive to make that medium represent the ideas I wish to convey. Here are two examples that might answer the question:
GH: Ice accumulates where snow falls, and snow falls from clouds. Being close to glaciers often means being close to cloud and mist. Does the photographer hope for sun, or accept the cover?
DB: Clouds, fog, all present many more possibilities.
GH: The glaciers of Argentina are huge, but Antarctica is absolutely enormous. Does this contrast influence your selection of images to include in a record of your trip?
DB: No I just include whatever captivates me visually, whatever is presented in front of me.
It is always serendipitous because one cannot predict the weather- the winds or where we actually wind up landing in Antarctica. And in Patagonia I only was able to visit three of the many glaciers in the Argentinian ice field. I would love to return to Chile and explore more.