The IPCC’s Himalayan Error Sheds Light on Peer Review

17 December 2015, by

The IPCC’s 2007 publishing of an erroneous prediction of Himalayan glacier disappearance is used as a case study on the peer review process in science.

Life on the Edge: The Science of Glaciers that Meet Oceans

15 December 2015, by

How important is glacier melt to sea level rise?

Georgia: Glaciers and Geopolitics

3 December 2015, by

Glaciers in the Republic of Georgia have seen a 16 percent decline over the last 150 years, according to a new chapter in the World Regional Geography Book Series which describes this country, located in the Caucasus Mountains. The melting of glaciers has also resulted in fragmentation as larger glaciers are broken up into smaller ones (786 […]

New Findings Suggest Cryovolcanoes on Pluto

24 November 2015, by

On November 9th, New Horizons mission geologists presented evidence that Pluto’s largest and most distinctive mountains might indeed be cryovolcanoes, or ice volcanoes, that are likely to have been active in Pluto’s recent geological past. The findings are just one of over fifty new reports of exciting discoveries about Pluto, revealed just four months after […]

Threat from Himalayan Glaciers Larger Than Expected

18 November 2015, by

By Jingchao Wang and Xuefei Miao Impacts of climate change in river systems are likely to have considerable social, economic, ecological and political implications, according to a new study published in the journal of Regional Environmental Change. In order to understand governance mechanisms for climate adaptation in the region, a systematic review methodology was applied […]

Peak Water Looms in Central Asia

17 November 2015, by

Glacier mass loss is threatening community livelihoods in Chon Kemin valley, in Central Asia. People in the region “strongly [depend] on glacial melt water for fresh water supply, irrigation and hydropower production…” say Annina Sorg and her coauthors of a paper studying the increased glacial melt in this area and its effect on peak water levels. The study […]

Perth Conference Highlights Glacier Retreat

3 November 2015, by

From 4-8 October 2015, researchers gathered to discuss and learn about the “Mountains of Our Future Earth.” This conference was held at the Centre for Mountain Studies (CMS) of the University of the Highlands and Islands in Perth, Scotland. It was organized by the CMS, together with the Mountain Research Initiative (MRI) and the Global Mountain […]

Antarctic Bacteria Prove Resilient

28 October 2015, by

Surviving in Antarctic conditions takes more than cold-resilience for bacteria, recent research from the Center for Cellular and Molecular Biology found. Using six different stressors in lab conditions, from temperature stress to pH change stress to salt and oxidative stress, the researchers were able to test bacterial resistance in the environments they are likely to encounter […]

Glacier Dynamics May Not be Fully Understood

21 October 2015, by

Jakobshavn Isbræ, an outlet glacier off the west coast of Greenland, is losing mass faster than previously thought, due to increased melt water passing through it, as reported in a new paper. The glacier’s rapid trajectory of thinning may well represent the Greenland Ice Sheet (GrIS) ice loss rate in the near future, which could mean faster sea […]

Svalbard

The Question of Black Carbon

15 October 2015, by

Black carbon has only recently emerged as a known major contributor to climate change, especially for the Arctic. Formed by the incomplete combustion of fossil fuels, biofuels, and biomass, black carbon absorbs light more strongly than any other particulate matter, especially when deposited onto glaciers and snow cover. Here, it lowers their reflectivity, thereby absorbing […]

Glacier Past Unveiled Through Sediments

14 October 2015, by

Researchers have long used preserved sediment layers in glaciers as time records to understand the climate of the past. But now, researchers, publishing in Quaternary Science Reviews, have used lake sediments in glacier-fed Lake Hajeren in Svalbard to recreate glacier variability during the Holocene period. The sediments, which were deposited over millennia, have been undisturbed, allowing researchers to […]

Roundup: Climate Park, Microbes and Variability

12 October 2015, by

Park in Norway Aims  to Raise Climate Awareness “Increased ice melting revealed in 2006–2007 many reminiscences of ancient human activity around ice patches near Mt Galdhøpiggen, Norway’s highest mountain peak. The public limited company ‘Klimapark 2469 AS’ was established to develop a heritage interpretation product and to study climate change. A 60-metre long ice tunnel […]