Photo Friday: Finding Glaciers in Alaska

Last summer, I had the opportunity to travel to Alaska, where I backpacked around the southeastern region visiting the Byron, Matanuska and Raven glaciers. I was not prepared for the overwhelming power of these massive, ancient ice formations. Though they seem unmovable, it is clear they are retreating. It is easier to ignore climate change until you are standing in the wake of it. I left the trip feeling ready to help raise awareness about some of our world’s most sublime but vulnerable terrains.

This Photo Friday, enjoy some images of the Alaskan glaciers captured during my trip.

Feeling small at the foot of the Byron Glacier in Girdwook, AK (Source: Jasmine Gill).

 

The Matanuska Glacier seems to go on forever. It stretches 27 miles long and 4 miles wide (Source: Jasmine Gill).

 

This is the Raven Glacier as seen from our camp on Crow Pass (Source: Jasmine Gill).

 

Two friends atop the Matanuska Glacier, grateful for the power of glaciers and guitars (Source: Jasmine Gill).

North of Nightfall: Glaciers, Mountain Biking and Climate Change

Just 11 degrees south of the North Pole, mountain bikers Darren Berrecloth, Carson Storch, Tom Van Steenbergen and Cam Zink cut through the ice to the glaciers of Axel Heiberg Island in Nunavut, Canada. Red Bull Media House’s recent film, “North of Nightfall,” follows their monumental journey through the quickly melting Arctic.

Around 2,000 glaciers have carved out massive slopes in the region. There is little to no vegetation; the area is particularly exciting— and dangerous— for mountain bikers with great peaks, long lines and essentially untouched terrain.

Isla Axel Heiberg (Source: RedBull Canada/Instagram).

Home to polar bears, Arctic wolves, narwhals and blue whales, the land has not been inhabited by humans since the Thule people. Ancestors of the Inuit, the Thule lived on the island for over 200 years. By the 1960s, a remote research station was established on the island to observe glaciers and study the impacts of climate change. Now there are no permanent residents, except for a few researchers, wildlife surveyors and other explorers who visit during the summer months when there is a short window (only about a month) of permitting weather.

The island has one way in and one way out. Small planes use the tundra for take-off and landing; there is no formal airport. Pilots must use an off-strip landing place. A plane dropped the athletes off with enough equipment for three weeks— food, bikes, camera gear, and anything else they would need to survive and ride.

The filmmakers used drone footage to capture the scenery of the Arctic and the skill of the biking. Hiking up the mountain with the weight of their bikes, the athletes turn, speeding down rocky, thousand-foot cliffs. They fly through the air, twisting, turning and throwing tricks. The intensity of these tricks sends shivers down the spine. Seeing men suspended in mid-air, seemingly weightless, not even holding on to the handlebars, is awe-inspiring.

Axel Heiberg
Darren Berrecloth (Source: Outdoor Magazin/Instagram).

With a hospital more than 10 hours away, doctor Clark Lewish was in charge of safety and all things medical. He brought a fully-packed first-aid kit including a defibrillator, oxygen supply, syringes, equipment for IVs, gauze (of course), bandages and antiseptic. Thankfully, most of the equipment was never used. However, at one point, Lewish did have to pop Zink’s shoulder back into place.

Other members of the expedition were crew personnel including the expedition’s leader Françoise Gervais, guide and Inuit member Apak Taqtu, and glacial researcher Laura Thomson.

A Nunatsiaq Newspaper, ‘Nunatsiaq News,’ express concern with Red Bull filming in this location. The island is a rich fossil site and there are in fact archeology sites within 25 kilometers of the camp, but it is the expedition leaders duty to ensure that the group does not infringe on these sites. Though there is a guide leader, there is concern about garbage being left behind and disturbance of the land.

The film aims to increase awareness of climate change in the Northern Arctic by showing the audience the sensitive habitat. The hope is that when people see the vastness of the Arctic, they will be moved to protect and preserve it.

“The goal isn’t to live forever, the goal is to create something that will,” a quote from Chuck Palahniuk, begins the film. These words can be applied to the greater sport of mountain biking and achievement, as well as to the legacy humans leave behind.

Glacial retreat in this area has catalyzed over the last fifty years due to anthropogenic warming. Even if humans were to completely stop emissions today, our world would still heat by about 0.6 degrees Celsius, causing the glaciers to continue to retreat. In addition, the current ice melt in the region has opened alternate (and shorter) shipping routes for cargo ships that would have otherwise relied on the Panama Canal. This Northern Sea Route would create a shorter shipping passage between Japan and Northern Europe. Ship access and the continued ice melt threatens a variety of species that have evolved for tens of thousands of years in harsh Arctic climates.

Darren Berrecloth (Source: Blake Jorgenson/Instagram).

By reflecting on the human influence on the region, the filmmakers shift the viewers’ attention inward to reflect upon individual actions and what can be done to preserve and protect this inspiring place. Allowing people to see the wonder of the Arctic and understand the sensitivity of the habitat, instills hope that humans will be more invested to protect it. Take a look at the film, and decide for yourself.

 

 

Roundup: Citizens Tracking Glaciers, Seismic Noise, and Holocene Glaciers

Park Enlists Citizens to Track Changes in Teton Glaciers

From U.S. News: “The project aligns with one of Grand Teton’s fundamental duties, keeping tabs on its natural resources. Estimates vary, but with global temperatures increasing some studies suggest many glaciers could disappear within the next few decades.”

Read more about Citizens Tracking Glaciers here.

Grand Tetons (Source: Brian Perkes/Flickr).

 

Fracturing Glacier Revealed by Ambient Seismic Noise

From AGU 100: “Here we installed a seismic network at a series of challenging high‐altitude sites on a glacier in Nepal. Our results show that the diurnal air temperature modulates the glacial seismic noise. The exposed surface of the glacier experiences thermal contraction when the glacier cools, whereas the areas that are insulated with thick debris do not suffer such thermal stress.”

Read more about glaciers and seismic noise here.

Annapurna, Nepal (Source: David Min/Flickr).

 

Holocene Mountain Glacier History in Greenland

From Science Direct: “Here, we use a multi-proxy approach that combines proglacial lake sediment analysis, cosmogenic nuclide surface-exposure dating (in situ10Be and 14C), and radiocarbon dating of recently ice-entombed moss to generate a centennial-scale record of Holocene GIC fluctuations in southwestern Greenland.”

Read more about holocene mountain glacier history here.

Qoroq Ice Fjord, Narsarsuaq (Source: Alison/Flickr).

 

 

Native Americans Call to Change Names of Yellowstone Sites

An organization of tribal leaders representing Indian Nations in the Dakotas and Nebraska has called for a name change of Yellowstone National Park’s Mt. Doane and Hayden Valley.

Mt. Doane, a 10,500-foot peak located in the Absaroka Range along the eastern boundary of the park, was named after Gustavus Doane, an American lieutenant who played a major role in a large massacre of Native peoples in 1870. Tribes across the United States and Canada have joined a petition to change the name of Mt. Doane to “First Peoples Mountain.”

In addition, a number of groups have called to change the name of Hayden Valley, a major attraction located in the center of Yellowstone National Park. The valley was created by glacial retreat about 13,000 years ago. However, like Mt. Doane, the name of the valley is contentious. It was named after Ferdinand V. Hayden, a geologist and surveyor who advocated for removal of Native Americans.

Hayden Valley, Yellowstone National Park (Source: Freddie Tanedo/Flickr).
The name change petitions in Yellowstone mirror a national movement to remove monuments and landmarks tied to racism.  
 In an interview with NPR’s “All Things Considered,” Chief Stanley Charles Grier of the Piikani Nation said Hayden “incited this hatred towards indigenous peoples at the time in his policies and his written statements.”

In August, the Great Plains Tribal Chairman’s Association, along with individual tribes, submitted a proposition to change the name of the iconic valley to
 “Buffalo Nations Valley.”

 

However, controversy surrounds these petitions. In early 2018, elected county park commissioners in Wyoming voted against the Native Americans’ proposal for these landmarks to be renamed. Some commissioners expressed that changing these two names would open the door to a long series of controversies and debates over the naming of other landmarks. Moreover, they have advocated that people like the current names and are comfortable with them.
Although the committee voted against the name change, the U.S. Geological Survey’s Board on Geographic Names has the final authority on the decision.Regardless of what the board determines, many Native communities remain committed to calling the landmarks by their Indigenous names. Len Necefer, a member of Navajo Nation who received a doctorate from Carnegie Mellon University’s Department of Engineering and Public Policy is a leader in this effort. Necefer stimulates and encourages people to place geotags using the location’s Indigenous name. Necefer created social media pages on Facebook and Instagram to check in to places using geotags that show Native place names and indicate their locations around Colorado. @NativeOutdoors has over 20 thousand followers on Instagram and encourages the dialogue and acknowledgement of Native communities in public wild spaces.
@NativesOutdoors(Source: NativesOutdoors/Instagram)

The push to rename Hayden Valley and Mount Doane is part of a movement that is likely to continue.