GlacierHub has featured the striking paintings and photographs of Diane Burko on several occasions (see here, here, here and here). A retrospective, Glacial Shifts, Changing Perspectives: Bearing Witness to Climate Change, presents her recent and current work. It is now on display at the Walton Arts Center in Fayetteville, Arkansas, where it will run through September 30, 2017.
A catalog, with the same title as the exhibit, has been published. It includes reproductions of 40 of her pieces, along with an introduction by the Walton Art’s Center curator Andrea Packard, an article by William Fox of the Nevada Museum of Art which places Burko’s work in the context of mountain art, and an analytical essay by the art critic Carter Ratcliff, who has written on other American artists, including John Sargent Singer and Andy Warhol.
The exhibit and catalog include work from Norway, Argentina, Greenland, and Antarctica, showing Burko’s engagement with the cryosphere. Her work adopts the task of promoting awareness of climate change. Her work also presents her simply as a painter and photographer with careful attention to technique and form and deep familiarity with many currents in modern and contemporary art.
Burko is at the forefront of new explorations of the art/science frontier. She does not simply present scientific maps and charts as data, or as beautiful images. Rather, she leads her viewers to see them as objects in the world that co-exist with art and with the natural world itself. In this way, she allows us to see our rapidly changing world more clearly, to think about it more deeply, and to engage with it more fully.
We recently interviewed Burko on the works in this exhibit and catalog. We were pleased that Burko’s publisher agreed to offer the book to readers of GlacierHub at a 20% discount. Details appear at the end of the interview.
GH: Some paintings show brushstrokes that reveal your motion, as you painted them. These paintings offer an oblique view. This is a contrast with the overhead view of other paintings, with cracks in the dried pigment, which suggest flying above a glacier landscape filled with crevasses. Are you seeking to convey a different experience of yours, or a different aspect of the glaciers?
DB: This diptych Nunatak Glacier is an earlier work from my first project called Politics of Snow, shown in 2010. That catalog can be seen on my site. At that point, all the images I painted were “out-sourced” from USGS, National Snow and Ice Center or individuals. This example of repeat photography contrasts Bradford Washburn’s 1938 shot with a photojournalist’s effort to repeat the same vantage point in 2005. I made this painting in 2010. The style is more consistent with the way I was painting at the time. I think the “oblique view” is customary for this kind of documentation by glaciologists.
GH: Some of these paintings offer two views of the same peak from the same point, with different light and weather, a bit like Monet’s haystacks and views of Notre Dame. Some of your other work emphasizes the surprise of the first encounter with a glacier, or the challenges of arriving in a harsh environment. These multiple views point to longer stays, to growing familiarity. Is this a theme you are seeking to evoke?
DB: The curator, Andrea Packard, selected 6 out of the 12 original paintings from this Matterhorn Series – actually my first attempt to address issues of climate change in 2007 (also in that Politics of Snow show). By including Series VI and VIII, she could say the exhibit surveyed the last decade.
Your Monet reference is so apt being that I spent six months on a residency in Giverny and enjoy working in series. However my strategy here was to provoke the viewer. I thought naively that by seeing so many different versions of this iconic mountain one might think about the snow and the melt. I realized it was too subtle an idea and quickly turned to the “repeat” strategy which was the core of this major exhibition.
GH: Some paintings involve new use of line, particularly the arc of a circle which echoes the other lines in the painting, which may indicate the partially obscured shorelines. The arc might evoke a parallel, one of the lines of latitude which become tight circles close to the poles. Does this use of line offer a reference to cartography, to the abstraction of science, or to something else— or is it non-referential altogether?
DB: You are spot on! YES, it is a device I have used. You are referring here to Arctic Melting, July 2016. This one also used latitudinal lines and indicates how Landsat images are sometimes put together— with mosaics— so yes, I love combining/contrasting painterly gestures with scientific markers.
I try to utilize cartographic, scientific references whenever possible, most notably in a painting which was hanging in the American embassy residence in Helsinki: Arctic Cyclone, August 2012 (after NASA) as part of the Arts in Embassies Program of the US Department of State.
Here is another example, this one painted a year earlier than Arctic Melting. It’s called UNESCO National Heritage II. Also in the show.
In a more recent work, not included in this exhibition, I’ve taken those lines to a more abstract level with a series about the Beaufort Sea which experienced dramatic melt last summer. Here is one example.
GH: One image seems strikingly new for its depiction of dust-covered snow and ice, its direct display of recently-melted ice (the valley in the middle), the heavy shadow in the back, and the high horizon line. Taken together, these convey powerfully the loss that has already occurred in glacial landscapes. What was your experience of making this?
DB: That is NOT a painting but a 40” x 60” archival inkjet print taken from my expedition to the Patagonian Ice Field in Argentina – it’s the Viedma Glacier! More of them on my photo site.
GH: Carter Ratcliff describes your paintings as “referential” rather than abstract. What relationship do you see between this word and the more common term “representational”? Do you find that this term fits your work?
DB: I love his use of this word. I am not trying to copy but rather referencing my personal experience, knowledge gained from the science, and a deep sense of urgency.
GH: You have been addressing climate change in your work for some years now. What are the new thoughts and feelings that have come to you in the last year about this approach?
DB: Another perfect question! I have been focused on climate change for the past decade. Now more than ever, in this shameful political era, I am committed to continuing my efforts to express the urgency of this issue through my practice and also through public engagement.
In terms of a specific direction in my practice: I am about to leave the frozen waters to explore warmer ones around the equator. I am about to embark on a project with three other collaborators called: Kai-Apapa which means coral reef in Hawaiian. Here is our site: www.kaiapapa.com.
On my recent trip Down Under, I flew over the Great Barrier Reef and began a new photographic series – not yet on my site. Here is a sneak preview.
To order Burko’s Glacial Shifts, Changing Perspectives at a 20% discount, go to the book website http://glacialshifts.com/, click on the “buy book” button and enter the code: glac1. This offer will run through June 30, 2017.